Muslim inventions that shaped the modern world

Ibn Firnas bridge Cordoba tribute

Think of the origins of that staple of modern life, the cup of coffee, and Italy often springs to mind. But in fact, Yemen is…

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So, Who Did Discover America?


Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, an Islamic scholar born a thousand years ago in Central Asia, calculated Earth’s circumference with astounding accuracy and invented specific gravity, the…

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The ‘first true scientist’

Jim al-Khalili

By Professor Jim Al-Khalili University of Surrey Isaac Newton is, as most will agree, the greatest physicist of all time. At the very least, he…

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Looking back on the Golden Age of Muslim Science


With Syria in an almost apocalyptic state of civil war at the moment, it’s hard to remember that Damascus was once one of the great…

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Medical Education in Islamic Civilization

Royal palace detail

The practice of medicine was considered a noble profession by Muslims…

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Lessons from the past: science and rationalism in medieval Islam

a couple of bosons

British Humanist Association (BHA) President, physicist and broadcaster Professor Jim Al-Khalili gave the 2014 Voltaire Lecture at Conway Hall, London, on the theme of ‘Lessons…

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It’s Time to Herald the Arabic Science That Prefigured Darwin and Newton


In this era of intolerance and cultural tension, Professor Al-Khalili launched a hearty plea in The Guardian in January 2008 to appreciate the fertile scholarship…

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Call to arms


Second, each country has directed funds towards military R&D, money that could, for example, have been spent on R&D towards alleviating poverty. Why the neglect…

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Mathematical Activities in North Africa 5/5


5. The mathematicians of the Maghrib after the 15th century To our knowledge, mathematical production of the period that extends from the beginning of the…

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Mathematical Activities in North Africa 4/5


4. Mathematical production in the Maghrib during the 14th-15th centuries In the history of scientific activities in the Maghrib, the 14th century constitutes a privileged…

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Mathematical Activities in North Africa 3/5

Mathematics at one time

3. Mathematics in the Maghrib during the Almohad epoch (12th-13th centuries) The importance of the 12th century in the political and economic history of the…

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Mathematical Activities in North Africa 2/5


2. Birth and first developments of mathematical activities in the Maghrib (9th-11th centuries) Taking into account the very close economical, political and cultural links which…

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